Silver Nanoparticles Make Anti-Cancer Drugs More Effective
Guest article by natural health author Tony M. Isaacs
It’s been clinically demonstrated several times now over the past 10 years that silver enhances the effectiveness of prescription antibiotic drugs, even restoring the potency of the antibiotics against drug-resistant pathogens they’d previously lost their effectiveness against.
Boost Effectiveness of Anti-Cancer Drugs, Too!
Now, exciting new clinical research published in the journal Nanomedicine, and conducted by researchers from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Szeged in Hungary, has demonstrated that adding silver nanoparticles to cancer drugs that aren’t working well against certain cancers often boosts the effectiveness of the cancer drugs, helping them stop the spread of cancer.
Indeed, in a recent study we’ll examine below, nanosilver was found to enhance the effectiveness of chemotherapy drugs even against serious, multi-drug-resistant forms of cancer.
What’s even more surprising is that the researchers discovered silver alone worked to kill the drug-resistant cancer cells. In other words, the silver didn’t need to be combined anti-cancer drugs in order to work against drug-resistant cancer cells.
Here’s the story no one else has told you…
In a brand new clinical study published in the journal Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, titled “Silver Nanoparticles Modulate Abc Transporter Activity And Enhance Chemotherapy In Multidrug Resistant Cancer,” clinical researchers demonstrated silver nanoparticles to also be effective against cancers that are resistant to multiple types of chemotherapy drugs.
According to the study’s authors, the growing resistance of cancer to chemotherapy drugs makes it necessary to find new therapeutic agents to defeat these resistant cancer cells, and silver seems to fit the bill perfectly:
“The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer phenotypes dramatically attenuates the efficiency of antineoplastic drug treatments often leading to the failure of chemotherapy. Therefore there is an urgent need to engineer new therapeutically useful agents and propose innovative approaches able to defeat resistant cancer cells.
Although the remarkable anti-cancer features of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have already been delineated their impact on multiple-drug-resistant cancer has never been investigated. Herein, we report that AgNPs have a notable anti-proliferative effect and induce apoptosis mediated cell death both in drug sensitive and in MDR cancer cells.”
In other words, the researchers confirmed earlier studies demonstrating silver nanoparticles stop malignant cancer cells from spreading, causing them to commit cellular suicide (i.e., apoptosis).
What’s more, they discovered that silver nanoparticles also stop the spread of malignant cancer cells that are resistant to multiple chemotherapy drugs!
The researchers went on to demonstrate that adding silver nanoparticles to six different existing cancer drugs dramatically improved the effectiveness of the drugs against drug-resistant cancer.
However, there very well may be more to this amazing study than initially meets the eye. For one thing, as far as this author knows, this study is the first time that silver nanoparticles’ (AgNPs) effectiveness against cancer have been compared directly to chemo drugs – and the results may just blow you away!
So, let’s take a look at this groundbreaking new study:
The Study and What it Found
After the study Abstract detailed above came the “Background” section. In this section, the study authors explained the rationale for their study.
“In the last decade considerable scientific knowledge accumulated about the cellular and molecular mechanisms that propel invasive growth and metastasis and remarkable advancements have been made regarding detection and prevention of cancer, yet competent treatment of metastatic and recurrent cancers continues to be elusive.
Due to the poor translation of novel therapeutic trends into the clinical practice, the general strategy to treat cancer is still based on traditional chemotherapy using small molecular drugs.
Although conventional chemotherapy has a decent success rate it frequently results in the evolution of multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer phenotypes manifesting resistance to related and unrelated classes of chemotherapeutic drugs.”
In other words, the study authors admit that medical science seems to remain stuck in the past in terms of the drugs they use to treat cancer. And this has resulted in cancers becoming resistant to multiple cancer drugs.
The authors go on to explain that multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cells exhibit several distinctive cellular and metabolic features, such as higher apoptotic cellular death threshold, elevated activation of DNA repair and increased tolerance to oxidative stress.
The authors added that the fundamental mechanism in multipledrug-resistant cancer cells is the “increased export of anti-cancer agents through ATP-powered efflux pumps.” In layman’s terms, this means the drug-resistant cancer cells have the ability to expel chemo drugs to a greater extent than normal non-drug-resistant cancer cells.
The authors noted that inorganic nanosystems were gaining attention in recent developments of strategies to deliver anti-cancer agents (chemotherapy drugs) and said that among nanosystems, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) stood out. Wrote the authors:
“Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) excel among inorganic nanosystems because of their specific biological behaviors, i.e. broad spectrum anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral, antiprotosoal activities, intrinsic cytotoxic features and the lately described anti-tumor propensities extend their functions beyond being merely delivery platforms.
The anti-cancer features of AgNPs have been investigated in several different in vitro cancer models. Cell cycle arrest, anti-proliferative effects and apoptosis induction were observed upon AgNPs treatments in colon, lung and breast cancer cells “
Several studies, wrote the authors, demonstrated the efficacy of AgNPs in in vivo (in the body) applications. In addition, they said that AgNPs exert antiangiogenic properties and possess radiosensitizing effects in triple negative breast cancer which adds a new layer to their potential in future cancer therapy.
“Antiangiogenic properties” means silver stops the growth of new blood vessels to cancer cells, so they can’t be nourished. “Radiosensitizing” refers to making the cancer cells more sensitive to radiation treatments.
Then came this key observation by the study authors (emphasis added):
“Comprehensive toxicological studies have implied that the toxicity of AgNPs is primarily the result of a Trojan-horse like mechanism meaning that after being taken up by cancer cells AgNPs release highly toxic silver ions which will unbalance the oxidative homeostasis of the cells, induce mitochondrial failure, disruption of cytoskeleton and other serious cellular damages, which all together drive the apoptotic cell death.
Therefore, in the particular case of AgNPs both “nano” and “silver” properties contribute to the cytotoxicity of these nanomaterials. As the toxicity of nanosilver is determined by the amount of the surface released silver ions, the application of smaller AgNPs with higher relative surface area, generally results in more extensive cytotoxic performance than larger particles “
In other words, it’s the silver ion that’s responsible for the death of the cancer cells. As the nanosilver (metallic silver particles) shed silver ions in the presence of the cancer cells, those silver ions in turn disrupt the cells by damaging their outer skeleton, penetrating the cell and disrupting its energy-producing mitochondria, ultimately causing the cells to commit apoptosis, which means cellular suicide.
Interestingly, other clinical studies have demonstrated that silver accomplishes this damage to cancerous cells without harming normal, non-cancerous cells!
Two Types of Cancer Cells Tested
After the “Background” section, the study authors moved on to the “Materials and Methods” section, where they reported that the cancer cell cultures used for the study were “Drug sensitive Colo 205 and Pgp overexpressing MDR Colo 320 colon adenocarcinoma cancer cells”.
In simpler terms, this tells us that two lines of colon adenocarcinoma cancer cells were cultured for the study.
One line, the drug sensitive “Colo 205 cancer cells,” were cells that were more sensitive, or more susceptible, to cancer chemotherapy drugs. The other line, the “Pgp overexpressing Colo 320 cancer cells,” were just the opposite in that they’re known for being resistant to chemotherapy drugs.
The term “Pgp,” by the way, stands for P-glycoprotein, a plasma membrane protein that is a marker for how strongly cancer cells expel anti-cancer agents.
Next, the study moves on the really exciting part, the “Results” section, in which we’re informed by the authors that they discovered, via electron microscopy, that silver nanoparticles of an average diameter of 28 nanometers (28 nm) are easily taken up by multi drug resistant (MDR) cancer cells.
Wrote the authors. “TEM micrographs showed that AgNP were taken up and were internalized by both Colo 205 and Colo 320 cells. We found cytoplasmic localization of AgNPs in both cell types and detected the nanoparticles in electron dense membrane coated vesicles.”
The researchers also found that silver nanoparticles inhibit the proliferation of multidrug-resistant cancer cells, noting that:
“AgNPs killed drug sensitive and MDR cancer cells with the same extent. These results proved that AgNPs are able to destroy MDR cancer cells despite their drug resistant molecular and cellular phenotype.”
As the researchers observed the treated and untreated cancer cell cultures they found no differences in cell growth in the first 24 hours. But after 48 hours of incubation, “when cells started to grow exponentially, AgNPs started to hinder cell proliferation and we measured significant inhibitory effect after 72 and 96 hour expositions for both the drug sensitive Colo 205 and drug resistant Colo 320 cell cultures.”
The anti-proliferative effect of AgNPs was further verified by the researchers when they found that AgNPs applied in 5 and 10 PPM concentrations “markedly decreased the colony forming capability of both cell lines resulting in notably reduced number of cell colonies in the AgNP treated samples.”
The researchers also found that silver nanoparticles induce apoptosis (i.e., cellular suicide) in multidrug-resistant cancer cells, and they inhibited Pgp activity and expression (i.e., stopped the cancer cells from expelling the chemotherapy drugs).
The Mind-Blowing “Results” Section
Then came the “Results” section of the study, which simply blew me away. Titled, “Agnps Synergistically Enhance Chemotherapy In MDR Cells,” this eye-opening section compared the results of treating the cancer cells with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by themselves, chemo drugs by themselves and a combination of chemo drugs and AgNPs, using these six chemo drugs: Methotrexate, Cisplatin, Carmustine, Bleomycin, Vinblastine and Verapamil.
Surely enough, the researchers found that the combination of AgNPs (silver nanoparticles) and chemotherapy drugs greatly decreased the viability of the cancer cells.
While such a result is very encouraging, even groundbreaking, here’s what really leaped out to me: In comparisons between using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by themselves and chemo drugs by themselves, silver nanoparticles decreased the viability of the cancer cells either more than, or essentially the same amount, as did the chemo drugs in 5 of the 6 comparisons!
In other words, in the vast majority of cases the silver nanoparticles, when used alone against the cancer cells were just as effective as the chemotherapy drugs.
In previous studies that combined silver nanoparticles with drugs such as antibiotics and chemo drugs, the comparison has always been between the drugs by themselves and the drugs combined with silver nanoparticles. As far as this author knows, this is the very first time that silver nanoparticles have been compared directly with mainstream drugs in an important mainstream study.
I don’t find the results to be at all surprising. But I find it downright startling to finally see a direct comparison that verifies what many followers of colloidal silver have always believed to be true: In a great many instances, silver nanoparticles such as those found in colloidal silver are equal to or even superior to mainstream drugs.
Here, see for yourself. Following is the chart from the study. Note that broken green lines represent the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), the black lines are the chemo drugs and the red lines are the combination of chemo drugs and AgNPs. As the dosages increase (going from left to right on the chart), the viability of the cancer cells decreases (going from top to bottom).
Overall, silver nanoparticles were the clear winners over chemo drugs!
The study authors concluded their write up with a “Discussion” section in which they noted that multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cells “still results in lower survival rates of the patients undergoing conventional chemotherapy. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of new pharmaceutical strategies to defeat MDR cancer.”
The study authors went on to note that:
“While the anti-cancer effect of AgNPs has been reported several times using various types of in vivo and in vitro tumor models, their potential in MDR cancer treatment has not been investigated.
Hence, we studied how the MDR phenotype of tumor cells influences the anti-cancer activity of AgNPs” in two cancer cell lines and found that “both of the examined cell lines were able to take up AgNPs which in turn decreased the viability of both the drug sensitive and the MDR cells in a concentration dependent manner.”
In other words, the researchers admit the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) stopped both kinds of cancer cells from spreading, i.e., the cancer cell lines that were not drug resistant, and the cancer cell lines that were.
The full study can be seen Here.
When looking at this study, one should keep in mind that, like the vast majority of mainstream medical studies, it was designed to find ways to create patentable new drugs, broaden the market for existing drugs or perhaps enhance existing drugs.
Such studies are certainly not designed to demonstrate the effectiveness of natural alternatives such as the nanosilver particles found in colloidal silver. There’s no profit in that.
However, by comparing silver nanoparticles directly with chemo drugs, the study may have, for the first time ever, inadvertently done that very thing!
Silver Nanoparticles Enhance More Than Just Chemo Drugs
One quibble with the study is the authors’ contention that “Although the remarkable anti-cancer features of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have already been delineated, their impact on multiple-drug-resistant cancer has never been investigated.”
While silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have indeed demonstrated remarkable anti-cancer features, the nanoparticles actually have been investigated against multiple-drug-resistant cancer with amazing results.
As I reported in my previous article “Is Nanosilver the Answer to Ovarian Cancer”, a recent study found that silver nanoparticles were very effective against ovarian cancer stem cells, the most chemo-resistant cells in an already chemo-resistant cancer.
Since silver nanoparticles were found to be very effective against stem cells, I would love to see a follow-up study which examined the number of stem cells found in cultured cancer cell lines treated with silver nanoparticles individually, chemo drugs individually and a combination of silver nanoparticles and chemo drugs.
You see, as I reported in that previous article, chemotherapy drugs actually create the deadly cancer stem cells which are 30 times more resistant to treatment than normal cancer cells. Indeed, these are the very cells that are believed to feed the growth of cancer as well as cause its return.
If the addition of silver nanoparticles to chemotherapy drugs eliminated or greatly lessened the creation of cancer stem cells, then such a combination would be a tremendous breakthrough!
How Long Will Mainstream Medicine Maintain the Charade of Misinformation About Nanosilver?
Though you aren’t likely to find out about silver nanoparticles effectiveness against cancer in most mainstream medicine sites, such as WebMD, the American Cancer Society or even the better-known cancer clinics such as the Mayo Clinic, Memorial Sloan Kettering or MD Anderson, the indisputable fact is that study after study has indicated that silver nanoparticles can be very effective against cancer.
Indeed, there have been over 50 clinical studies, both test tube and animal, proving it (see Colloidal Silver and Cancer: a Surprising Look).
Despite all of the many peer-reviewed studies in prestigious scientific journals which have proven how effective silver is against cancer as well as against drug-resistant pathogens, and which show how safe silver is, as well, what you mostly find at mainstream medicine sites is deliberate disinformation which claims that the effectiveness of colloidal silver is unproven, and which even warns that silver is dangerous.
Make no mistake, folks, profits are what it’s all about when it comes to mainstream medicine and that is why mainstream medicine continues to lie about colloidal silver — because it is a huge threat to their profits.
As I have often observed, when it comes to profits versus healing, healing ofen comes in a very distant second in mainstream medicine.
As study after study like the one in this article pile up that demonstrate the truth about silver nanoparticles, one has to wonder how long mainstream medicine can keep up their charade?
Hundreds of millions of people around the world have caught on to the lies of mainstream medicine. And if this reporter has anything to do with it, more and more people will learn the truth with each passing day.
Until the next time, I remain your friendly, intrepid reporter spreading the truth as best I can about colloidal silver and other natural alternatives to mainstream medicine.
Important Addendum: Where to Find Colloidal Silver
If you’re brand new to colloidal silver usage and are wondering where to buy it, it’s important to know that you can find it in just about any well-stocked health food store in America. It’s also available on Amazon and numerous other websites.
But it can be extremely expensive. In fact, because colloidal silver works so well against numerous forms of infection and disease, it has the highest price mark-up of any nutritional supplement in existence.
The amount of actual silver in a four-ounce bottle of colloidal silver is about five to 12 cents worth. (Yes, I said five to twelve cents.)
Yet because that small amount of silver is all it takes to decimate so many different kinds of infections, the manufacturers mark it up about 16,000%, charging a whopping $20 or $30 per bottle.
What’s more, manufacturers promoting the latest faddish colloidal silver product often charge far more per bottle – sometimes $35 to $50 for a tiny four-ounce bottle.
And people are more than willing to pay through the nose for these commercial colloidal silver products at health food stores because colloidal silver does indeed heal infections and prevent the spread of germs and disease faster and better than any other natural supplement on the planet!
So, commercially speaking, the retail price of colloidal silver at health food stores reflects its value to the consumer far more so than its true cost to produce. But here’s the good news:
As I mentioned, typical health food store prices for colloidal silver can range from $20 to $30 for a tiny, four-ounce bottle.
But with a brand new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge, you can make your own safe, pure, high-quality micro-particle colloidal silver for about 36 cents a quart! In other words, you can make it at actual cost, just like the big colloidal silver bottlers do.
Compared to typical health food store prices, your first two one-quart batches literally pay for the entire cost of your new generator! Do you know of any other health product that literally pays for itself the very first few times you use it? The savings are absolutely astonishing!
In fact, by making your own high-quality colloidal silver with a brand new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge, you’ll be as close to having FREE colloidal silver as you can get, and for the rest of your life!
You’ll never have to pay those exorbitant health food store prices again!
The new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator is now the world’s #1 best-selling colloidal silver generator. Here are just a few reasons why you should own one…
- It pays for itself after your very first batch or two — your total cost to make your first one-quart batch is about 36 cents, compared to the $240 you’d pay at a health food store if you bought an equivalent amount (i.e., eight of those little 4-ounce bottles they normally sell for $30 apiece)!
- Safe, simple to operate…No special skills needed…You just set the handy timer, plug it in, walk away, and three hours later you have a perfect batch of therapeutic quality micro-particle colloidal silver…every time! Here’s a short pictorial demonstrating how astonishingly easy it is to use a new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge:
- Produces uncommonly small silver micro-particles as low as .8 nm. That’s a fraction of a single nanometer. Compare that to health food store colloidal silver which can contain silver particles as large as 200 nm to 1,000 nm (or even larger), and you’ll see why micro-particle colloidal silver is the very best there is! Smaller particles mean your body can absorb and utilize up to 99% of the colloidal silver you take, compared to maybe 30% or 40% with many health food store brands!
- Runs on standard household electricity, but uses less power than a tiny Christmas tree bulb – you won’t even see a blip on your electric bill!
- Produces uniform, crystal clear batches every single time that store for months, or even years, without losing potency!
- Cannot produce silver chloride or unsafe substances – you get pure, therapeutic-quality micro-particle colloidal silver every time!
Just read through some of the testimonials below to see for yourself how you’ll save literally thousands of dollars per year by making your own colloidal silver with your brand new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge!
Here’s what one customer recently wrote to tell us:
“Owning a Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge has given us the luxury of being able to use high-quality colloidal silver any time we need it. And we never have to worry about the costs because it only costs a few pennies per quart to make! It is without a doubt the single-best money-saving appliance in my entire house!
Best of all, the machine is very easy to use, and easy to store. I was concerned about ease-of-use, but my fears were unfounded. After I got mine and used it, I immediately bought one and sent it to my 83 year old mom, and she uses it regularly as well.
Now that I have a Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator, I can use colloidal silver for everything — disinfecting the kitchen sinks, countertops, and the cutting board… spraying the toilet bowls, and the bathroom countertops and sinks… spraying it on my toothbrush to prevent bacterial growth…rinsing my mouth with it to prevent cavities and gum disease…you name it.
I even put it in the laundry rinse cycle when I do my linens, towels and kitchen rags, so I don’t have to wash them as frequently. It really keeps them fresh, and there’s never any mold or mildew anywhere in our house.
I also put some in the cat’s water bowl each day, and the dog’s too. We use it in the bathtub for skin problems. And of course we drink it when our tummies are queasy, or when we feel a cold or flu coming on. We also gargle with it in order to get rid of sore throats, and sniff it up our noses to get rid of sinus problems.
My husband even sprays it on his hair in the mornings, and has completely eliminated his lifelong dandruff problem. And he sprays a little bit in his eyes from time to time, and now has no more recurrent problems with sties.”
— K. Sullivan, NM
And here’s what another happy customer wrote to say about the tremendous savings she’s achieved by no longer having to purchase her colloidal silver through health food stores:
“We make a quart of colloidal silver at least once a week with the Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from the Silver Edge. I finally sat down and figured out how much this machine has been saving us. By making our own colloidal silver we’ve saved $11,503.20 this year alone, compared to the cost of colloidal silver at our local health food store.
The cost for colloidal silver at our local health food store is $30 for a tiny four-ounce bottle. But with my Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator, I can make eight times that amount (i.e., a full quart) for about 35 cents total cost.
If I were to purchase a quart of colloidal silver at the health food store, which would be eight of those tiny, four-ounce bottles, the cost would be a whopping $240 (i.e., 8 x $30 = $240) compared to the 35 cents I now spend to make a full quart!
Here’s the breakdown of our costs to make a full quart of colloidal silver with our Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator: It costs us about a dollar for a gallon of steam-distilled water at Walmart. So a quart of the steam-distilled water costs about 25 cents. And I estimate we use maybe a nickel’s worth of electricity and maybe another nickel’s worth of silver from the silver rods for every one-quart batch of colloidal silver we make. So that’s 35 cents a quart, all told, for each quart of micro-particle colloidal silver we make!
And frankly, considering how long the .999 fine silver rods have lasted (over a year and a half, so far, for the most recent set), I think it’s probably even cheaper than that. But it’s the lifetime savings we’ve experienced that’s just mind-boggling to me.
For example, we’ve had our Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver unit for nearly five years now. And as I mentioned we make one quart per week, and we spend about 35 cents a week on making colloidal silver.
This means we save about $239.65 a week by not having to purchase a quart’s worth of colloidal silver at our local health food store. So do the math: In just one month, the savings is $958.60…in one year, the savings is $11,503.20…and in five years we’ve saved approximately $57,516.00!
When you put pencil to paper and figure it out, it definitely takes you by surprise. You just think ‘No way. I must have multiplied that wrong.’
But it’s true. The savings is legitimately well over $11,000 a year over health food store prices for colloidal silver, if you make and use a quart of colloidal silver a week like we do! And we reap that incredible savings from the very reasonable $250 investment we made in purchasing our Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator.
In their advertising literature, The Silver Edge says the unit completely pays for itself after your first couple of one-quart batches. But really, that’s quite an understatement when you realize the true extent of your savings!
Of course, once you start making your own colloidal silver with a Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge, you don’t really think about how much you’re saving compared to health food store prices, because it just becomes a normal part of your everyday life. But the savings is nevertheless astonishing when you reflect on it.
What’s especially nice is being able to produce a significantly higher-quality colloidal silver than what’s generally available to the public through health food stores, especially at such a tiny, tiny fraction of the cost.”
— Marie Wilkey, SC
The Bottom Line…
With a high-quality Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge, you’ll never again have to pay exorbitant health food store or internet vendor prices for high-quality colloidal silver!
Indeed, your first batch or two will indeed completely pay for the entire cost of your generator, compared to health food store prices!
What’s more, you’ll be able to give colloidal silver away FREE to family members, friends and neighbors, because you’ll be making it — literally — for only a few pennies per batch!
Simply click on this link to learn more about this phenomenal new breakthrough in colloidal silver-making technology, including our current, time-limited, money-saving offers that can save you up to $100 if you act quickly and decisively!
Meanwhile, I’ll be back next week with another insightful article on colloidal silver….
Yours for the safe, sane and responsible use of colloidal silver,
Steve Barwick, author
Important Note and Disclaimer: The contents of this Ezine have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Information conveyed herein is from sources deemed to be accurate and reliable, but no guarantee can be made in regards to the accuracy and reliability thereof. The author, Steve Barwick, is a natural health journalist with over 30 years of experience writing professionally about natural health topics. He is not a doctor. Therefore, nothing stated in this Ezine should be construed as prescriptive in nature, nor is any part of this Ezine meant to be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. Nothing reported herein is intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. The author is simply reporting in journalistic fashion what he has learned during the past 17 years of journalistic research into colloidal silver and its usage. Therefore, the information and data presented should be considered for informational purposes only, and approached with caution. Readers should verify for themselves, and to their own satisfaction, from other knowledgeable sources such as their doctor, the accuracy and reliability of all reports, ideas, conclusions, comments and opinions stated herein. All important health care decisions should be made under the guidance and direction of a legitimate, knowledgeable and experienced health care professional. Readers are solely responsible for their choices. The author and publisher disclaim responsibility and/or liability for any loss or hardship that may be incurred as a result of the use or application of any information included in this Ezine.
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