Are Colloidal Silver Studies and Testimonials Valid?
Colloidal silver naysayers often claim there’s “no evidence for colloidal silver’s safety or effectiveness.”
Another variation of this claim is that there are “no clinical studies” demonstrating colloidal silver’s safety or effectiveness.
And still other colloidal silver naysayers simply claim “colloidal silver usage is dangerous and will result in argyric skin-staining and serious damage to your organs and nervous system.”
But what’s the truth? And how do the colloidal silver naysayers come up with their shrill claims? Here’s the answer…
Hi, Steve Barwick here, for The Silver Edge…
I often come across articles in which apologists for Big Pharma claim, usually with shrill abandon, that colloidal silver usage will “turn you blue, damage your kidneys, liver and nervous system, and ultimately kill you.”
These articles are usually tagged with labels such as “pseudo-science,” “health scam,” “snake oil,” “quackery,” “health fraud,” and similar tags, so that news organizations looking for sensationalistic stories denigrating natural health products like colloidal silver can more easily find them.
In other words, the articles are specifically designed to accomplish two purposes:
- One, to scare the bejabbers out of the general public so they won’t even consider using a relatively safe and completely natural substance like colloidal silver, and…
- Two, give the news media the sensationalistic ammunition they need to spread similar scare stories.
But when readers who are experienced in using natural health products such as colloidal silver see these articles, and demand proof for the author’s contentions that colloidal silver usage will “turn you blue, damage your kidneys, liver and nervous system, and ultimately kill you,” the supposed “proof” always turns out to be a red herring.
In other words, it’s usually a lone clinical account (or worse yet, a sensationalistic news media account) about some poor misguided soul who decided to use excessive amounts of colloidal silver every day for months or even years on end, and as a result ended up with argyric skin-staining, i.e., the so-called “blue man syndrome.”
It’s never an account of someone who took the recommended daily dosage of one teaspoonful to one ounce per day, depending upon body weight and concentration of the colloidal silver product. Why not? Because people who take colloidal silver responsibly never have any problems with it – even though responsible colloidal silver users number in the tens of millions worldwide!
Apples to Oranges
The authors of these anti-colloidal silver articles use the classic “comparing apples to oranges” tactic, where one or two cases of egregious abuse of colloidal silver are passed off as “evidence” that no one should ever use the substance at all, even at normal, responsible daily dosage levels.
Of course, taking small daily doses of colloidal silver has – with the rare exception of an allergy to silver – never hurt anyone.
For example, the U.S. Poison Control Center admits they’ve never seen a documented death from colloidal silver usage.
This, in spite of the fact that government-approved prescription drugs are known to kill some 106,000 people per year, and cause up to 250,000 adverse events annually, even when properly prescribed and properly used (Starfield; JAMA).
It’s no wonder so many people turn to natural remedies like colloidal silver when the “government-approved” remedies kill over one million people every 10 years, and cause serious side effects for two and a half million more people every ten years.
In terms of the death rate, that’s the equivalent of 35 separate 9/11 attacks on the U.S. every year, year-in and year-out, like clockwork.
In other words, FDA-approved prescription drugs cause the equivalent of the number of deaths we’d suffer if we had one 9/11 attack on this country every 10 days!
Yet the colloidal silver naysayers will point to one or two clinical reports in which an individual who was taking egregious amounts of colloidal silver over long periods of time ended up with blue skin, and use that to decry the substance as “dangerous.”
Clinical Proof of Colloidal Silver’s
Safety and Effectiveness?
The authors of such anti-colloidal silver articles often point to a supposed lack of clinical studies on colloidal silver, claiming there’s “no clinical evidence for its safety or effectiveness.”
Apparently, they’ve never reviewed any of the over 100 clinical studies and medical overviews on colloidal silver (and other forms of antimicrobial silver) that can be found archived on TheSilverEdge.com website at the link in this paragraph.
With so many studies about colloidal silver available, where in the world do the colloidal silver naysayers get the idea that there’s “no clinical evidence for its safety or effectiveness”?
They get it, of course, directly from the FDA.
You see, the FDA has ruled that unless a substance has successfully gone through millions of dollars worth of FDA-approved clinical trials, and has been approved by them for use as a prescription drug or an over-the-counter drug, it can’t be claimed to be “safe” or “effective” for any medical purpose.
Pretty nifty, huh? The FDA simply rules that if a natural substance like colloidal silver is not on their list of “approved drugs,” it can’t be claimed to be safe for any specific medical purpose, nor effective for any specific medical purpose.
So, by law, since colloidal silver is not a “drug,” it cannot be called “safe” or “effective” for any medical purpose, including its chief purpose, which is fighting infections.
This gives the colloidal silver naysayers – who are quite often paid apologists for Big Pharma – the ability to twist that to mean “there’s no clinical evidence for the safety or effectiveness of colloidal silver,” which of course, is an egregious lie.
In reality, there’s tons of clinical evidence for its safety and effectiveness, going all of the way back from the early 1900’s to today.
For example, here are just a small handful of recent clinical studies and clinical overviews on the safety of colloidal silver:
- Genotoxicity, Acute Oral and Dermal Toxicity, Eye and Dermal Irritation and Corrosion, and Skin Sensitization Evaluation of Silver Nanoparticles
And here are just a small handful of the dozens upon dozens of clinical studies on the effectiveness of colloidal silver against pathogens and related diseases:
- A Mechanistic Study of the Antibacterial Effects of Silver Ions on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus
- Attenuation of Allergic Airway Inflammation and Hyper-responsiveness in a Murine Model of Asthma by Silver Nanoparticles
I could easily post links to 80 or 90 more such clinical studies and clinical overviews. But it would not do a lick of good in terms of convincing the naysayers of colloidal silver’s safety or effectiveness.
So Why Isn’t Colloidal Silver FDA-Approved?
“But wait, Steve,” you might say, “with all of these studies, why hasn’t the FDA already approved colloidal silver as “safe and effective?”
Good question. It’s because the FDA only approves prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs. That’s it. And they have an entire gamut of required clinical studies through which a proposed “new drug” has to be run through, before it can receive FDA approval as “medically safe and effective.”
But colloidal silver is a completely natural substance which has been around since Edison first harnessed electricity. As such, it cannot be patented and monopolized by the big drug companies, unless they come up with some novel version of it with unique healing qualities that can be clinically demonstrated.
And even if they were able to come up with a novel form of colloidal silver that could be patented and monopolized, no one in their right minds would pay pharmaceutical company prices for it because safe, natural colloidal silver is so easy to obtain at a local health food store, or even make yourself at home.
Indeed, if you can run low-voltage electricity from a simple 9-volt battery through two pieces of pure silver wire suspended in steam-distilled water, you can make colloidal silver.
So no one has ever done the specific, FDA-required studies necessary to have colloidal silver stamped “medically safe and effective” for use against infections and disease because:
A.) The required studies cost tens of millions of dollars to complete, plus millions of dollars more in FDA “approval fees,” and…
B.) Anybody who’s ever used colloidal silver already knows it’s safe and effective when used responsibly, and…
C.) Why would anyone in their right mind want to pay tens of millions of dollars in clinical testing fees, plus millions more in FDA “drug approval” fees to bring the product to market, when people can simply make their own colloidal silver at home, or go down to the local health food store and buy a bottle of the “non-approved” stuff for under $30?
So in spite of the reams of clinical literature over the past 100 years demonstrating colloidal silver to be both safe and effective when used responsibly, FDA regulations insure that none of those studies can be used to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of any particular colloidal silver product in terms of disease treatment.
Only through the mandatory FDA drug approval process can a substance be labeled “medically safe and effective” for use against sickness or disease.
Because of this nasty little monopoly on what can be deemed “safe and effective” and what can’t, the FDA was able to rule back in 1999 that colloidal silver can only be sold as a mineral supplement, and that no medical claims can be made for a colloidal silver product, even if there are reams upon reams of clinical documentation for the claim.
Why Independent Studies Don’t Count
This is why so many colloidal silver manufacturers who have paid hundreds of thousands of dollars or more to have their own independent clinical studies conducted on their specific brand of colloidal silver, have later had to take those studies down from their websites.
You see, the FDA simply hits them with a notice of “unapproved drug claims” and threatens them with fines of hundreds of thousands of dollars if they leave the studies up.
The bottom line is that without FDA approval of colloidal silver as a prescription drug, or as an over-the-counter drug, you can’t claim “safety” and “effectiveness” for any medical purpose, no matter how many independent clinical studies you might have to back up your claims.
In fact, legally, you can’t even use colloidal silver for medical purposes. You can only use it for “nutritional support.”
That’s why, when the Ebola crisis broke out last year and people tried to send colloidal silver to help the Ebola victims, the colloidal silver was turned back by the international medical authorities at the behest of the FDA and CDC. It was not an FDA-“approved drug,” therefore it could not be used for specific medical purposes.
If They Were Completely Honest
Therefore, if the colloidal silver naysayers were being completely honest when they write articles slamming colloidal silver as being “not safe and effective,” they’d instead have to say something along these lines:
“While there are well over 100 clinical studies dating back to the early 1900’s demonstrating colloidal silver and other forms of antimicrobial silver to be safe and effective, it’s never been approved by the FDA as a ‘drug’ for use in medical treatment.
Therefore its safety and effectiveness for medical purposes cannot legally be claimed in advertising or in labeling, in spite of the mountain of clinical evidence on its behalf.
That’s because by law the FDA maintains an iron-clad monopoly on which substances can be labeled ‘safe and effective,’ and which can’t. And thanks to that monopoly, only ‘drugs’ can be labeled safe and effective for medical conditions, not nutritional supplements.”
Now that would at least be an honest way of stating the case. But there’s not much scary sensationalism in such pure and simple honesty, is there?
Are Colloidal Silver Testimonials Valid?
Another oft-stated complaint by the colloidal silver naysayers is that most evidence for colloidal silver’s effectiveness is based solely on testimonials.
While I’ve already demonstrated above that there’s plenty of clinical literature attesting to the safety and effectiveness of colloidal silver, it does beg the question as to whether or not colloidal silver testimonials are valid.
The FDA has ruled that testimonials are not proof of medical efficacy. And of course, they’re not. They’re just testimonials, which are anecdotal accounts from people claiming they suffered from XYZ condition, but were healed of that condition after they started taking colloidal silver.
The problem with personal testimonials, of course – whether for colloidal silver or for any other natural substance – is that there could have been some other reason for the remission of the condition other than the natural treatment being used.
For example, one of the most famous colloidal silver testimonials of all times was from a lady named Nadine Wooley who wrote a book titled How to Beat MS (and the Things Your Doctor Didn’t Tell You), documenting her usage of high-dose colloidal silver and other nutritional supplements to “cure” a very serious case of multiple sclerosis she was suffering from.
Multiple sclerosis, of course, is a very serious chronic degenerative disease that can result in loss of all motor activity, meaning inability to use ones limbs. Eventually, it leads to an early death as the body simply shuts down.
The premise of Nadine Wooley’s book was that once she began taking colloidal silver and other supplements, she went from being totally non-ambulatory (i.e., unable to walk) to fully ambulatory, meaning she had regained her ability to walk which the multiple sclerosis had previously stolen from her.
The book became an underground sensation. And based on internet accounts many people suffering from multiple sclerosis went on to try colloidal silver, generally with mixed results (i.e., some people experienced profound relief from their MS symptoms, while others experienced no relief at all).
Later, Nadine Wooley’s multiple sclerosis returned with a vengeance, in spite of her continued use of colloidal silver. And ultimately she died from the disease.
You see, multiple sclerosis is one of those dread diseases that’s often characterized by long periods of worsening symptoms, followed by periods of remission. The periods of remission can be short, or in many cases, quite prolonged. But for most multiple sclerosis patients, the remissions always end, sooner or later, and the disease process kicks back in and continues to take its toll.
This of course begs the following question:
Did colloidal silver actually help Nadine Wooley, as she so exuberantly testified in her book? Or did she simply experience a prolonged period of remission which is often characteristic of multiple sclerosis, and incorrectly attributed it to the colloidal silver usage?
My point in relating the above story is not to denigrate colloidal silver testimonials, nor to cast doubt on Nadine Wooley’s story.
Instead, it’s to acknowledge the simple fact that while the astonishing plethora of testimonials about colloidal silver are indeed indicative – to me, anyway – of both its safety and effectiveness, not every colloidal silver testimonial can be taken at face value.
There are indeed situations in which diseases can go into “spontaneous remission,” or the body can cure itself through the action of the immune system. And there are situations such as with multiple sclerosis in which the disease process seems to reverse itself.
And if a person were taking colloidal silver at that point, he or she might incorrectly attribute the coincidental “healing” as being due to their colloidal silver usage.
The bottom line is that coincidences can and do take place in this life. But “coincidences” can’t explain the thousands upon thousands of testimonials for colloidal silver that can be uncovered with a simple Google search.
Indeed, in the course of writing my book, The Ultimate Colloidal Silver Manual (547-pages; Life & Health Research Group, LLC), I’ve documented hundreds such colloidal silver testimonials, many of which are posted here.
Hypocritical and Disingenuous
More importantly, when the colloidal silver naysayers rail against testimonial accounts, they’re being at least a little bit disingenuous.
After all, while the colloidal silver naysayers tend to discount testimonials out-of-hand, they simultaneously rave about the need for clinical studies. So I must ask the following question: What are clinical studies based on?
Well, I’ll tell you: They’re based on clinical researchers giving drugs to people while monitoring their response to the drugs over periods of time, and then writing down what happened. If that sounds like a “testimonial” to you, that’s because it is a testimonial!
For example, a clinical researcher might write in a study:
“In our study Patient X took 20 milligrams per kilogram of body weight daily of XYZ drug, and after three days visible signs of infection appeared to be in remission. After 10 days there were no visible signs of infection left in the patient, and blood tests demonstrated Patient X was infection-free. No significant side effects were observed.”
Now, compare that to a real-life colloidal silver testimonial:
“My wife is has been 32 months on Prednisone for temporal arteritis, and we were told there’s no medical miracle that can heal her. I started giving her 1oz a day of the colloidal silver, just to try it. Suddenly her blood tests improved; her CRP serum proteins went down from 42.4>0.4. Now that’s a miracle!”
Not a whole heckuva lot of difference, is it? Here’s another testimonial the naysayers would automatically scoff at:
“Using a standard colloidal silver concentration we have successfully ‘cured’ two different infections that conventional medicine has not consistently addressed.
In particular, ‘Bruiser,’ our Japanese Bobtail cat, was sentenced to certain death by a local vet who declared that the kitty’s illness indicated by lab tests was FIP (feline infectious peritonitis) and was incurable.
Three other vets confirmed the FIP and the death sentence, including an area alternative medicine vet who refused my suggestion to try colloidal silver, and abused the kitty with vitamin shots (to no avail).
For the first few months after Bruiser’s four veterinarians failed to successfully address FIP, my wife and I gave him an eyedropper full (approximately 1 teaspoon) several times daily. His appetite improved quickly and he started playing with his sister again, so we reduced the dosage to several times a week.
Bruiser is now another five years older (total six+ years) and is well and healthy. We occasionally fill an eye dropper and give him a “drink” if he seems to be feeling lethargic.
We feel that colloidal silver performed miraculously, where conventional ‘cat medicine’ and veterinarians failed the test.”
Oops. No wonder the colloidal silver naysayers don’t like testimonials, right?
You see, all too often, the person giving their testimony mentions the fact that he or she had previously been failed by prescription drugs or other official medical interventions. And it was only when colloidal silver was used that remission of the disease symptoms began.
In short, when clinical researchers write up a bunch of “testimonials” regarding how well a drug worked on a group of people, it’s called a “medical study.”
But when individuals write up testimonials regarding how well a natural substance like colloidal silver worked for them, it’s called an “unsubstantiated anecdotal account.”
And when there’s hundreds or even thousands of these “unsubstantiated anecdotal accounts” about the beneficial effects of a natural substance like colloidal silver, they’re collectively (and sneeringly) referred to by apologists for the medical community as…(drum roll, please)…”placebo effect.”
(And by the way, I double dog dare you to tell me the cat sentenced to death by four separate veterinarians in the above anecdotal account experienced a “placebo effect” when he was cured of his feline infectious peritonitis by small doses of colloidal silver.)
So medical testimonials – written up in the form of “clinical studies” – are deemed to be valid. But testimonials written up as first-hand accounts by the people actually experiencing the healing event are deemed to be invalid. And that’s the way of the world.
Can You Even Trust Medical Studies?
Speaking of medical studies, it’s important to point out that Dr. Richard Horton, current editor-in-chief of The Lancet – considered to be one of the most respected peer-reviewed medical journals in the world – has recently stated that as much as HALF of all modern clinical study literature may be untrue.
Indeed, he’s publicly complained that “science has taken a turn towards darkness,” and explains that many modern clinical studies can no longer be considered valid because, essentially, they’re rigged from the get-go to produce the positive results the drug companies want.
He cites “small sample sizes, invalid exploratory analyses, flagrant conflicts of interest” and the “hyping of minuscule effects as if they were clinically significant effects,” as just some of the myriad of problems he’s commonly witnessed as editor-in-chief of The Lancet.
He also says modern clinical researchers are often afflicted with “an obsession for pursuing fashionable trends of dubious importance.”
In other words, modern clinical research is largely agenda-driven.
This means researchers are being paid to do research that confirms an underlying agenda. So they use clinical studies to create a perception of safety and efficacy for the drugs they’re testing, rather than determining actual safety and efficacy. After all, perception trumps reality every time in this crazy world we live in.
So when the colloidal silver naysayers start screaming from their little podiums that FDA-approved drugs are all good because they have “clinical studies” to back them up, and colloidal silver usage is terrible because it’s largely based on testimonials, you pretty much have to hold back the urge to track them down and jack-slap them.
Indeed, based on what Dr. Horton of The Lancet medical journal has publicly stated, it appears that even FDA-approved clinical studies have to be taken with the same big grain of salt that personal testimonials should always be taken with.
And what is the FDA doing about this rampant fraud in clinical literature? Well, here’s what Charles Seife, M.S., of New York University said about it in a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine:
“The FDA has repeatedly hidden evidence of scientific fraud not just from the public, but also from its most trusted scientific advisors, even as they were deciding whether or not a new drug should be allowed on the market…
…For an agency devoted to protecting the public from bogus medical science, the FDA seems to be spending an awful lot of effort protecting the perpetrators of bogus science from the public.”
Yes, in all too many cases, Big Pharma’s drug researchers base their studies on phony data, and the FDA often does not take the fraud into account when approving the drugs, even when they catch it. Indeed, according to Seife, the FDA often sends the research papers back to be “fixed,” and hides the research fraud.
But what do you hear about this travesty from the online article writers who regularly trash nutritional supplements like colloidal silver? Crickets, that’s what.
In conclusion, let me admit that, yes, I’d certainly prefer to see properly conducted, double-blind, peer-reviewed clinical studies on the use of colloidal silver among various population groups, such as people with colds or flu, people with ear infections, people with strep throat, people with chronic fatigue, people with arthritis, people with AIDS, people with MRSA, etc..
But those would be FDA “drug” studies. And absent such drug studies, the reams of anecdotal accounts (as well as the multitudes of independent, non-FDA-approved clinical studies such as those at this link) will have to do – along with plenty of common sense and personal discernment as well.
Here are a few additional articles debunking false claims about colloidal silver, which you might want to take a look at:
The bottom line is that the colloidal silver wars have been going on for several decades now, ever since the FDA ruled that since colloidal silver is not a “drug,” colloidal silver manufacturers and vendors can no longer tell their customers what colloidal silver is actually used for (i.e., fighting infections) and instead must only refer to it in product labeling and advertising as a “mineral supplement.”
So the shrill claims from the colloidal silver naysayers continue unabated.
For example, in the Colloidal Silver Secrets Group on Facebook, I can hardly post a positive article about colloidal silver without some shill for Big Pharma posting links to the Mayo Clinic’s anti-colloidal silver article…the Quackbuster website’s anti-colloidal silver article…or any number of sensationalistic (but factually devoid) news articles denigrating colloidal silver.
But facts are facts. And when you really pin the colloidal silver naysayers down, they don’t have any facts to back up their contentions that colloidal silver – when used responsibly – is dangerous, unsafe or ineffective. And that’s because, simply stated, it isn’t.
Indeed, colloidal silver used responsibly has one of the best safety profiles of any nutritional supplement on the market. And the facts demonstrate clearly that it is far safer than toxic prescription drugs.
Colloidal silver – the world’s safest and most effective natural infection-fighting agent – is available at just about any well-stocked health food store in America.
Unfortunately, it’s a bit on the expensive side, costing between $20 and $30 for a tiny, four-ounce bottle.
But there’s good news: With a brand new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge, you can make your own high-quality colloidal silver for less than 36 cents a quart.
Yes, that’s right – less than 36 cents a quart!
In fact, at normal health food store prices, a quart of colloidal silver would usually cost you as much as $240. But you can make that same quart for less than 36 cents with a Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator from The Silver Edge.
In other words, compared to health food store prices for colloidal silver, your very first one-quart batch of micro-particle colloidal silver actually pays for the entire cost the generator.
Do you know of any other health product that literally pays for itself the very first time you use it?
4 Simple Steps to
Colloidal Silver-Making Perfection!
What’s more, colloidal silver is so simple to make at home, anyone who can use a coffee pot has all the skill needed to make colloidal silver. Let me demonstrate for you how amazingly simple it is:
It’s really that easy! You just “Set it, and forget it.” And you get a perfect batch of high-quality micro-particle colloidal silver every time!
When you’re finished, you’ll have a full quart of high-quality micro-particle colloidal silver. And you can make quart after quart for the rest of your life, for less than 36 cents each!
Indeed, the set of pure .999 fine silver wire that comes with your generator is enough to make over $24,000 worth of colloidal silver (see here)!
Why should you ever again pay $20 to $30 for a tiny, four-ounce bottle of colloidal silver at the health food store, when you can make your own superior-quality micro-particle colloidal silver for just pennies per quart?
Almost FREE, for the Rest of Your Life!
Obviously, having the ability to make your own high-quality micro-particle colloidal silver for only a few pennies per quart is about as close as you’ll ever get to having “free” colloidal silver for the rest of your life, any time you or a family member, friend or loved one needs it.
And because the silver particles produced by this amazing breakthrough in colloidal silver-making technology are as low as .8 nm – a fraction of a single nanometer – their effectiveness against colonies of pathogenic microbes is astonishing.
Perhaps that’s why so many thousands upon thousands of people absolutely rave over the effectiveness of their homemade micro-particle colloidal silver, as you can see at this web page full of real-life colloidal silver success stories.
Discover How Easy It Truly Is…
If you’d like to learn more about making your own high-quality colloidal silver for just pennies per quart, you can…
- Read how unbelievably simple it is to make your own high-quality colloidal silver for less than 36 cents a quart, here.
- Learn why the Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator is the world’s #1 best-selling colloidal silver generator, here.
- Find out how to save a whopping $100 on a brand new Micro-Particle Colloidal Silver Generator, here.
Meanwhile, I’ll be back next week with another insightful article on colloidal silver….
Yours for the safe, sane and responsible use of colloidal silver,
Steve Barwick, author
The Ultimate Colloidal Silver Manual
FREE Colloidal Silver Safe Dosage Report
Colloidal Silver Secrets Group on Facebook
Make Your Own Colloidal Silver for Pennies
.999 Pure Silver Wire for Making Colloidal Silver
Subscribe to the Colloidal Silver Secrets Ezine
Videos on Making and Using Colloidal Silver
Real-Life Colloidal Silver Success Stories
Colloidal Silver Update (News & Views)
The Ultimate Colloidal Silver Manual
The Colloidal Silver Secrets Video
Colloidal Silver Cures MRSA
Colloidal Silver Kills Viruses
Colloidal Silver Secrets blog
Meet Steve Barwick
Important Note and Disclaimer: The contents of this Ezine have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Information conveyed herein is from sources deemed to be accurate and reliable, but no guarantee can be made in regards to the accuracy and reliability thereof. The author, Steve Barwick, is a natural health journalist with over 30 years of experience writing professionally about natural health topics. He is not a doctor. Therefore, nothing stated in this Ezine should be construed as prescriptive in nature, nor is any part of this Ezine meant to be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. Nothing reported herein is intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. The author is simply reporting in journalistic fashion what he has learned during the past 17 years of journalistic research into colloidal silver and its usage. Therefore, the information and data presented should be considered for informational purposes only, and approached with caution. Readers should verify for themselves, and to their own satisfaction, from other knowledgeable sources such as their doctor, the accuracy and reliability of all reports, ideas, conclusions, comments and opinions stated herein. All important health care decisions should be made under the guidance and direction of a legitimate, knowledgeable and experienced health care professional. Readers are solely responsible for their choices. The author and publisher disclaim responsibility and/or liability for any loss or hardship that may be incurred as a result of the use or application of any information included in this Ezine.
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